Lab notes: Bangladesh ‘litchi deaths’ now linked to excessive pesticide on fruit

Lab notes: Bangladesh ‘litchi deaths’ now linked to excessive pesticide on fruit

A medical research into the deaths of 13 children in Bangladesh in 2012 revealed that they were probably caused by insecticides, not lychee seeds.

The children, from a rural community in Dinajpur district, northern Bangladesh, all had an acute encephalitis syndrome or AES – a condition associated with fatal brain inflammation.

Fourteen children became ill between May 31 and June 30, 2012 and only one survived. All deaths occurred within 20 hours of onset of symptoms and have been associated with exposure to lychee fruits, which is grown in South Asia.

Similar deaths were recorded in Muzaffarpur, a district of Bihar, India. Analysis of these cases indicate that toxic compounds in lychee fruits trigger low blood sugar levels of malnourished children who skipped the dinner that leads to death.

However, a team of researchers from the International Center for Research on Diarrheal Diseases and Disease Control and the Institute for Epidemiology Research in Bangladesh and the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control Global health in the United States referred to the death of Bangladesh lychee and found that AES was probably triggered by excessive and inappropriate application of pesticides and other agricultural chemicals in local fruit orchards.

The researchers pointed out that lychee seeds were not consumed and if the seeds were the cause, there would have been no scattered cases across the country and not just in a small area.

Scientists discovered that the epidemic in 2012 occurred at the time of harvest and farmers applied endosulfan in orchards, a highly toxic insecticide that has been banned in more than 80 countries. By 2016, Bangladesh was one of many countries, including India and the United States, which still allows restricted use of endosulfan.

Local residents told investigators that it was common for children to play in the orchards and eat unwashed fall fruit, using their teeth to peel thick skin. In addition, several of the victims had family members working in the orchards and this may be an increase in insecticide exposure to residues in used household linen.

The research team collected physical evidence gardens, which include containers of insecticides and other released chemicals. Residents were interviewed and found that many chemicals were applied to the fruit and in quantities much larger than those normally used by other lychee producers.

The study also found evidence that lychee producers apply an insecticide that had been approved for use in cotton, not food crops. The results were published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Scientists plan to conduct follow-up studies for more liver biopsies in biological evidence and brain victims.

Champions Trophy, India vs Bangladesh: Yuvraj, After 8622 Runs And 14 Tons, Set To Play 300th ODI

Champions Trophy, India vs Bangladesh: Yuvraj, After 8622 Runs And 14 Tons, Set To Play 300th ODI

Champions Trophy, India vs Bangladesh: Yuvraj, After 8622 Runs And 14 Tons, Set To Play 300th ODI

It was a precocious talent store, a rare combination of grace and power, but for most of his 17-year career, Yuvraj Singh has been an enigma as well as a paradox in Indian cricket.
Standing at the forefront of its 300th day international day, it remains a difficult task to describe with Yunraj.

He is just the fifth cricket player in India – after Mohammed Azharuddin, Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid – to achieve the rare milestone.
The 40 test matches he played will not tell the story of a cricket player who will invariably be one of the big winners of India’s limited games cricket. And this list is not too big.

Kapil Dev, Tendulkar and Mahendra Singh Dhoni are the names that come to mind when talking about the winners of the game in the shorter versions. And this is the paradox.

At times it seemed that there were two Yuvrajs residing in a single player.
First, there was a “Yuvraj 1.0”, which, in 18 years, was not intimidated by Glenn McGrath, Brett Lee and Jason Gillespie at their peak in their first ODI entries.
It was Yuvraj, who won an Indian Natwest final trophy at the “Cricket House” when everything seemed lost.

And remember in 2002, continued for 320 total was a deviation from the established norm of what was considered impossible in 50 on cricket at the time.
And it was Yuvraj, who scored a classic 139 in Sydney against an attack including Lee, Andy Gillespie and Bichel.

But there was also “Yuvraj 2.0”, which could never decipher the test code. Some attribute it to the lack of temperament, while others say that their best years coincided with Ganguly’s second coming in test cricket and could play this number.

5 places. And Ganguly at that time, was a better test player.
He showed, on occasion, shine chips, but every time the change of SG balls red SG or Duke’s cuckoo, there was nothing in the battalion Prince Yuvraj.

User doubts have slipped while facing spinners, pitchers, especially out-breakers such as Sri Lanka supermainist Muttiah Muralitharan, who took the ball to divert the left.

There was some century of proof against Pakistan, but it could never cement its place.
It was a cricket white balls where he found his mojo, and Yuvraj stood firm with his huge contribution within the two World Cup triumphs in India.

The six six of Stuart Broad during the inauguration of the World T20 in 2007 was the catalyst of Lalit Modi to sell the “Great Indian dream” in the world – IPL – that was at the height of money.

Winning the tournament helped to grow and these six seeded the seeds of another brand of cricket.
But strangely, Yuvraj could never become a legend because his T20 IPL stats can not even remotely match Suresh Raina.

But until T20 cricket is there, Yuvraj will remain in everyone’s collective consciousness. This is why Yuvraj remain an enigma!
And then came the great World Cup 2011. The six Mahendra Singh Dhoni has a memorable value – shown on several occasions – as Kapil Dev calls Vivian Richards in the 1983 final.

But, perhaps, one of the biggest reasons for the victory of India was 15 windows and 300 odd races Yuvraj has taken.
During his work, Yuvraj killed blood, could not eat, and was fully aware that he suffered from a rare germ cell cancer.

“He was an inspiration, a champion on and off the field and I respect him for that,” said captain Virat Kohli about the oldest cricket team player.
The fight against germ cell cancer was the biggest he has ever faced in his life. It was harder for Lee Yorker or James Anderson to outsank.
The phases of life through which he passed, anyone else would have been happy to survive, but Yuvraj wanted to play.

He made a comeback and it was an emotional emotional feeling. But after all the blueprints, there is a weak and Yuvraj was the T20 World Final in 2014 against Sri Lanka in Dhaka. He scored 11 of 21 balls and India lost the game because he could not accelerate.

Spanish state prosecutor accuses Cristiano Ronaldo of tax fraud

Spanish state prosecutor accuses Cristiano Ronaldo of tax fraud

Spanish state prosecutor accuses Cristiano Ronaldo of tax fraud

A Spanish prosecutor has accused Real Madrid striker Cristiano Ronaldo to defraud the Spanish tax office of € 14.7 million ($ 16.5 million) in unpaid taxes Tuesday.
In a statement, the regional prosecutor accused Ronaldo of Madrid has four accounts of tax fraud from 2011 to 14.

He said in front of Portugal “took advantage of a commercial structure created in 2010 to hide the tax authorities in Spain generate image rights.”
The statement said that Ronaldo has used what the prosecutor considers a ghost company in the Virgin Islands “to create a screen to hide his total ISR office in Spain.”

The prosecutor also said that Ronaldo “intentionally” did not report revenues of 28.4 million euros ($ 31.8 million) for the sale of image rights from 20 to 2015 for another company located in Spain.

In addition, the prosecutor accused Ronaldo declared 11.5 million euros (12.8 million) obtained from 2011-14 on a tax return filed in 2014, when the prosecutor said

Ronaldo’s real income during this period was almost 43 million euros (48 million dollars). He added that Ronaldo has falsely charged real estate income, which has “significantly” lowered his tax rate.

It will now be until a judge decides whether it is necessary to bring the case to court.
Ronaldo Gestifute’s agency had previously said he was up to date on his taxes, and still defended Tuesday saying he had maintained the same financial planning in Spain that he was playing for Manchester United before joining Madrid in 2009.

“There is no offshore structure to evade taxes,” Gestifute said in a statement. “There has never been or concealed any intention to conceal.”

Last month, tax officials reported that Ronaldo had adjusted its tax returns and another € 6 million ($ 6.7 million) in 2014.

A golden ball four times, Ronaldo, 32, is the best football player in Europe. It took Madrid consecutive titles in the Champions League and Spanish league in its first five seasons and helped Portugal to win the European Championship last year.

He is also the last soccer player up to watch the Spanish tax man.
Last year, Barcelona striker Lionel Messi and his father Jorge Horacio Messi were found guilty on three counts of fiscal tax offense of € 4.1 million ($ 4.6 million) Image rights and 21 months imprisonment.

Neither Messi, however, should not serve in jail because it was the first offense.
On Tuesday, the state attorney cited the verdict against Messi as a precedent for the case against Ronaldo.

Messi and his father were first indicted by a tax evaders prosecutor in June 2013. His case was settled against them in July 2016.

International friendlies: England stunned by 10-man France thanks to inspired Ousmane Dembele

International friendlies: England stunned by 10-man France thanks to inspired Ousmane Dembele

International friendlies: England stunned by 10-man France thanks to inspired Ousmane Dembele

Paris: Ousmane Dembele scored an exciting performance with a decisive 10-man goal France beat England 3-2 in a friendly in Paris on Tuesday, where the assistant video assistant played a central role.

Captain Harry Kane had already scored twice for visitors at the Stade de France, including a penalty early in the second half.

France’s Ousmane Dembele (L) celebrates after scoring ahead of AFP France Ousmane Dembele (L) celebrates after scoring. AFP
The penalty came after Italian referee gave a sudden jolt in a foul on Dele Alli and video assistant, he tried here, ruled that Raphael Varane deserved a direct red card.

The decision was controversial, after FIFA had changed last year’s rules to reduce cases in which players were expelled for denying clear goal chances, unless the offense is deliberate.

Teammates Varane and French fans disagree with the call after Samuel Umtiti and Djibril Sidibe scored to cancel Kane’s opening.

But the recovery in France when a man has been a source of disappointment with the English manager Gareth Southgate.

“In the space of 90 minutes, we saw things we were good at, it seemed like a threat to us and it has created a lot of openings and we have seen that we have to do better,” he said.

Meanwhile, France coach Didier Deschamps was delighted to see his team return to victory after a defeat at the World Cup in Sweden.

“It’s always good to end up with a win, especially after a defeat. We were with 10 men, so he went up to the players, as he is an excellent England team,” he told TF1.

It was a good season finale played against French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Theresa May and preceded by an emotional tribute to the victims of the recent terrorist attacks in England.

French fans of the crowd of about 80,000 joined the British anthem “God Save the Queen” and observed a minute of silence in honor of the victims of attacks in Manchester and London in the last month.

Dual kane

England was back in France for the first time since their disastrous Eurocup campaign in 2016 when they were humiliated by Iceland in the last 16.

Southgate made six changes to his squad after the 2-2 World Cup draw in Scotland, while Kane still wore the captain’s armband.

Tottenham Hotspur striker, top scorer of last season’s Premier League, scored a time equalizer break at Hampden Park and gave him the lead at nine minutes here, after touching the heel Raheem Sterling had set up Ryan Bertrand to make a cross Light from the left.

Olivier Giroud made an effort offside and France were forced to change soon – the first of many substitutions – while Lucas Digne replaced the injured Benjamin Mendy.

The 2016 Euro finalist deserved the draw when he reached the middle of the first half when Barcelona defender Umtiti followed up after Tom Heaton saved the Giroud header.

Burnley goalie, Heaton, was preferred in order to get under the fire of Joe Hart and highlighted his skills with a good stop to deny Kylian Mbappe, but was hit again two minutes before the break.

Dembele did brilliantly to create the opportunity for a shot that was saved by Heaton, but back in the back of Monaco Sidibe converted the rebound.

Many members of the crowd still return to their seats after the break, when Davide Massa referee pointed to the point where Varane cut Alli in the region.

Varane could believe it when he was ejected after the video assistant’s intervention, and Kane then beat his Spurs colleague Lloris from 12 yards, but France had the last word.

Mbappe hitting the crossbar before, with 12 minutes on foot, set the star of Borussia Dortmund, Dembele, to win the winner of a low finish after substitution goalkeeper Jack Butland.

2015 World Cup quarter-final memories still haunt Bangladesh supporters

2015 World Cup quarter-final memories still haunt Bangladesh supporters

2015 World Cup quarter-final memories still haunt Bangladesh supporters

Bangladesh supporters are resisting renewed quarter-finals of the 2015 World Cup against India where two divergent decisions have been taken against them ahead of the highly anticipated semi-final of the Champions Trophy ICC on Thursday in Edgbaston here Thursday.

A report from Bangladesh’s vernacular newspaper, “Jugantor” published Tuesday, part of Bangladesh’s supporters has the 2015 World Cup quarterfinals in mind where two decisions were made against them.

First, centurion Rohit Sharma (137) got a break in his individual score of 90 with the team a total of 196 in the 40th most rolled by Rubel Hossain when a marginal call “no ball” was for the first game of India.

Ian Gould was the referee who judged the full size Rubel shootout as “no ball” with Rohit who was in the middle guard depth.
However, the television replays showed that it was a real touch situation that could have gone one way or another.

Then Shikhar Dhawan seemed to play the limit rope by taking a trap to destroy batter Mohammad Mahmudullah in form for 21 in 17. While the replays were inconclusive, the third referee made the decision in favor of India.
India won the match for 109 races, while many Bangladesh fans burned an effigy of Pakistani referee Aleem Dar.

“Jugantor” said that although there were no reports of Bangladesh supporters worrying about Richard Kettleborough and Kumar Dharmasena, referees for the semi-finals on Thursday, the World Cup 2.015 incidents are new in their memories and everyone Will be on guard watching the game on television.

Bangladesh has so far mounted on the back of their performances from experienced players to book a place in the semifinal, although with the help of rain in the match against Australia where they fell through the floors when the skies opened and the points were split .

However, Tamim Iqbal reached a century and continued with 95 in the first two matches of the tournament, and Mushfiqur Rahim, who scored a 50 against England, helped the team to beat above their weight.

To reassemble things, magnificent hundreds of Shakib al-Hasan and Mahmudulah Riad in a fifth guardhouse 224 shots they won the game against a more imaginative New Zealand after 33/4 chasing 266 to win show their worth.

Coach Chandika Hathurusingha manages the pace variety against India, which stars like Virat Kohli, Dhawan Fit, Rohit Sharma, Yuvraj Singh and MS Dhoni in their range of batteries.

“We are better than anyone else (when asked to compare their bowling attack with India).” We have variations. Each of the four fast bowlers gives a different taste, “Sri Lanka by the Daily said the Daily Star Bangladesh ‘in remarks to reporters after the training session in Edgbaston on Tuesday.

“I’ve always said that my runners were better, India should not be underestimated, they have a very good fastball attack, they are very good in terms of votes, as I said before, they have four pitchers with different abilities,” he added.

I’m a practice world champion now and that’s not who I want to be: Roger Federer

I’m a practice world champion now and that’s not who I want to be: Roger Federer

I’m a practice world champion now and that’s not who I want to be: Roger Federer

Twenty-eight year old Grand Slam champion Roger Federer has committed to a full schedule in the second half of the season, saying he had enough practice and hopes to quickly get his great shape early in the season.

Federer hit a two-month break to rest his body for 35 years, start his grass campaign and provide an eighth Wimbledon title in Stuttgart on Wednesday.
“There are more breaks now,” Federer said on the ATP website.

“I’ve had enough breaks.I’m a world champion today and in practice not what I want to be is.I want to be a champion on the tracks of matches.I’ll play a regular schedule for a second part of the season. And this is the beginning here at the Mercedes Cup in Stuttgart. ”

The Swiss master has taken in the last two months after what he described as a startling success start of the year, which led to the victory at the Australian Open and the Indian Wells Miami Masters-doubles.

“I was very surprised to win the Australian Open and to support and win the double sun at Indian Wells and Miami was a complete surprise for me,” said Federer.

The 35-year-old man added that Rafael Nadal back to the domination of the clay court was not unexpected.

“I think Rafa won the French Open is less surprising because he had done nine times before … I was hoping he would dominate the clay court season like the old one,” Federer said.

The Swiss have also admitted that Nadal is favorite favorite to finish as No. 1 for the fourth time.

“Obviously, Rafa is in an excellent position to finish the number 1. For him, he will remain injury free. For me, it’s about returning to the path of triumph, I left Miami,” he said.

However, he stressed that the second half of the 2017 season will be much more competitive.

“I’m sure a lot of guys will start reproducing as well as possible in the second half of the season, just like Murray, Djokovic Nishikori, Raonic Zverev, Kyrgios, Stan, we all play our best tennis. The season, very exciting for the ATP circuit, “he added.

Federer will start his open campaign against Stuttgart the winner of French Pierre-Hugues Herbert and veteran German Tommy Haas.

Viswanathan Anand bounces back in Norway Chess, beats Fabiano Caruana

Viswanathan Anand bounces back in Norway Chess, beats Fabiano Caruana

Viswanathan Anand bounces back in Norway Chess, beats Fabiano Caruana

Former world champion Viswanathan Anand defeated Fabiano Caruana of the United States in the sixth round to record his first victory of the Altibox chess tournament in Norway.

After losing two and tying three, Anand was eager to regain his winning streak and the Indian made in style at the expense of Caruana who suffered his first defeat in the tournament.

Anand raised 2.5 points in six possible and two white plays in the remaining three towers could simply help him recover.

Armenian Levon Aronian was the other winner of the day, who was a Russian Vladimir Kramnik, but world champion Magnus Carlsen of Norway remained victimless for the sixth day of the race, when Maxime Vachier-Lagrave was driven.

In other games of the day, Anish Giri of the Netherlands lost some opportunities before signing peace with Wesley So of the United States and another American Hikaru Nakamura could not break the ice against Sergey Karjakin of Russia.
With three rounds still to come, Nakamura and Aronian now share the lead in four points and appreciate a full point cushion in Giri, Kramnik, Karjakin and Wesley So. Anand, Carlsen, Caruana and Vachier share seventh place with 2.5 points each .

For Anand, well the day finally came, but it was as usual. Caruana went through unwarranted complications from the start and Anand did not care for them as he headed for a good position in the middle game.

The Italian-back-American was put under strong pressure and was decisive when Anand strategically surpassed its rival in the list.

Results Cycle 6: Magnus Carlsen (Nor, 2.5) designed with Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (Fra, 2,5); Fabiano Caruana (US, 2.5) lost V Anand (Ind, 2,5); Anish Giri (Ned 3) has been produced with Wesley So (Usa, 3); Levon Aronian (Arm, 4) defeated Vladimir Kramnik (Rus, 3); Hikaru Nakamura (Usa, 4) designed with Sergey Karjakin (Rus, 3).

South Africa and the usual anticlimactic ICC affair

South Africa and the usual anticlimactic ICC affair

South Africa and the usual anticlimactic ICC affair

Well, you could say that South Africa has made a South Africa. This means that they have won a series after the series between the ICC events, creating a formidable team that was framed by several players who could be considered big ODI, only to implode as soon as things have proven true during a Great tournament Who did not see this coming?

Their tournament started quite well, when they marched to victory over Sri Lanka. Hashim Amla and Faf du Plessis had throwing races ruined Sri Lanka, although they had the courage to vigorously begin – and all seemed sumptuous air.

However, as soon as Pakistan has managed to unleash some energy with a strong performance in the field, South Africa began to fade. The batters lost windows in a soft and increasingly strange way and the players’ runners – except Morne Morkel – have not been able to adapt to different conditions, while the opposing hitters had the opportunity.

In truth, however, there were signs that South Africa was not in shape. They used the three-game series against England as a warm-up and make a lot of mistakes as they lost 2-1.

It was quite clear that they were rusty after a two-month break from the international cricket (in which no player has had a major impact on the Premier League of India), and never really rusted the rust.

So who is responsible?

AB de Villiers takes fire. He played two bad shots in the first two games, but was more disappointed to his captain.

De Villiers insists that he is a good captain. Russell Domingo agrees and says that people do not see the good work Villiers performed “in the chamber”.

However, it seems hard to defend Villiers when he made school mistakes, as if he did not attack the Pakistani hitters in what would always be a hunt interrupted by the rain.

Wayne Parnell preferred Morne Morkel with the new ball and was hammered. When Morkel was taken, it took 2 for transport 7 to five from South Africa in the game. Despite being in a ferocious rhythm, it was taken by Villiers.

Pakistan recovered and, when Morkel returned for a second stage, it was too late, even if Mohammad Hafeez was removed.

“If I had known it would be only 27 in off, I would have attacked more on the field,” De Villiers said. Still, the forecast – and the clouds around the ground – has always suggested that this was not a game of 50 times, and South Africa’s total lean Villiers was to attack anyway.

This does not mean that De Villiers is totally responsible. South Africa has many players with exceptional backgrounds on the day, which failed when they were needed most.

Why then?

Oh yes, the question asked through South Africa, and no one on the team or the whole team may not respond. Russell Domingo said the Proteas had produced their worst performance of last year against India. “You just have to play well on the day, that’s the end result,” he said.

But he had no answer to the question of why South Africa play so well in the playoffs. He hinted when we talk about the reaction to the locker room to Villiers AB’s abandonment in the game in India.

“I was not there at the 2011 World Cup, but there may be players who were:” Well, we’ll be back. ”

This fear of failure that has now gone through two or three generations of players certainly plays its part. But there is more than that – there seems to be a deeper discomfort in the culture of the South African cricket.

Instead of reaching these tournaments with the confidence and bragging that one would expect from a team that recently won 12 games on the trot, eager to impose on the opposition that could be found, South Africa continues to play with some doubts.

Aspirin increases bleeding risk in older stroke patients: Study

Aspirin increases bleeding risk in older stroke patients: Study

Aspirin increases bleeding risk in older stroke patients: Study

PARIS: The daily use of aspirin in the long term to prevent blood clots in very elderly patients an increased risk of severe or fatal internal bleeding, researchers said Wednesday.

The anti-heartburn drug would allow people age 75 and older to maintain the preventive benefits of aspirin and avoid its dangerous side effects, published in the medical journal The Lancet.

Even in people with no history of heart problems or stroke, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding increases with the age of aspirin users, other research has shown.

About half of adults over 75 in the US And Europe take small doses of aspirin every day – from 75 to 150 milligrams – or other inhibitors of coagulation drugs.
A normal dose for a headache is 325 to 600 mg.

Continuous treatment with these drugs is especially recommended for patients who have had a heart attack or stroke.

But the clinical evidence underlying these recommendations mainly involved patients under age 75 who had taken aspirin for a few years.

Therefore, how the risk of bleeding can increase with age was largely unknown.
For more information, Peter Rothwell of the University of Oxford led a team of researchers in reviewing the medical records of more than 3000 patients who had a heart attack or stroke and took daily aspirin or its equivalent for many years .

Half of the patients were 75 years or older at the beginning of the study period.
Over the next decade, 314 patients were admitted to hospital for bleeding.

The risk that this has increased significantly with the age of patients younger than 65 years, the annual hospitalization rate due to bleeding was 1.5 percent; For patients aged 75-84, the rate rose to 3.5%; And 85, it was five percent.

Hemorrhagic risks become crippling or lethal, while lower, increasing by approximately the same proportions in different age groups.

“We have long known that aspirin increases the risk of bleeding in older patients,” Rothwell said in a statement. “But our study allows us to better understand the size of the increase in risk and the severity of the consequences.”

Researchers suggest that proton pump inhibitors (PPI) – a type of anti-heartburn medication – can reduce bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract by as much as 90 percent.

“There is evidence that long-term use of PPI may have small risks,” Rothwell said.
However, “the new data should reassure the benefits of the use of advanced age PPIs are greater than the risks.”

Treatment programs should be reviewed every three to five years in very advanced patients taking aspirin and the IPP together, the authors said.
Several experts not involved in the study praised its methodology and its approved conclusions.

“It is clear from the data presented that – in over 75 years – PPI with aspirin was associated with a lower likelihood of bleeding,” said Tony Fox, a professor in Pharmaceutical Medicine Group at King College London.

Cristiano Ronaldo denies accusations of tax fraud in Spain

Cristiano Ronaldo denies accusations of tax fraud in Spain

Cristiano Ronaldo denies accusations of tax fraud in Spain

MADRID: Football star Cristiano Ronaldo on Tuesday denied that hidden income tax or commit tax fraud in Spain, after prosecutors have filed a lawsuit that accuses of defrauding the tax authorities of 14.7 million euros (16.5 million euros) millions).

The prosecutor’s office said the Real Madrid striker had knowingly used a trading structure created in 2010 for allegedly hiding his image income rights in Spain between 2011 and 2014.

This involved a “voluntary” violation of tax obligations in Spain, said the press section of the economic crimes office. The four charges of tax fraud charges were based on a report from the Spanish tax agency, it said in a statement.

Ronaldo denied the allegations through his representatives Tuesday.
“There is no tax evasion plan … It has never been concealed or intended to conceal something,” said Gestifute, the agency that represents the player, in a statement.

Gestifute said he would publish documents to prove that the Portuguese player had not created such a structure and it was companies he had belonged to since joining Manchester United that the British and Spanish tax authorities had met instead used.

The agency also said that the case could involve different interpretations between the British and Spanish tax regimes, where they declare income, but in no case constitute a fraud.

Ronaldo, who led Real Madrid to its 12th European Cup earlier this month, is the latest in a long-term league player in Spain, including Lionel Messi and Neymar in Barcelona, ​​to be taken on Whether the tax or transfer.

Between 2005 and 2010, foreign players in Spain are protected by the law called “Beckham” that allows them to slow down their taxes. But as the financial crisis became more serious, this exemption was lifted, opening the way for the event.

The prosecutor alleges that Ronaldo defrauded the tax authorities of 1.4 million euros in 2011, 1.7 million in 2012, 3.2 million euros in 2013 and 8.5 million in 2014.

The prosecutor said that after Ronaldo had signed a contract to sign for Real Madrid in December 2008, he sold his image rights to a company called Tollin Associates Ltd, domiciled in the British Virgin Islands in which he was the only speaker.

Tollin Associates then sold its image rights to a company in Ireland called Multisports & Image Management Ltd, which was responsible for the management. Yes Tollin Associates had no commercial activity, according to the statement.

“Granting image rights (Tollin Associates) was completely unnecessary and their sole objective was to create a screen to hide all their image rights revenues from the Spanish tax authorities,” the statement said.

Prosecutors filed a lawsuit against Ronaldo on Tuesday in a court in the Madrid district of Pozuelo de Alarcón.
Ronaldo ended the football season by scoring two goals in a 4-1 victory over Juventus in the Champions League final to become the top scorer of the tournament with a total of 12 goals.

In May, the Spanish Supreme Court rejected an appeal by Messi and confirmed the prison sentence of 21 months of a Catalan regional court of fraud authorities of 4.1 million euros in image rights. Unlikely to go to jail under Spanish law, sentences of less than two years can be served on parole.

The Spanish Supreme Court has served the Neymar fraud last month but is still facing a corruption trial in Spain as part of the value of its transfer from 2013 Santos to Barcelona. He has denied wrongdoing.